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Engineering    2017, Vol. 3 Issue (3) : 308-317     https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ENG.2017.03.012
Research |
1,5-戊二胺的细菌合成及应用
马伟超1,2,3,陈可泉1,2(),李艳1,2,郝宁1,2,王昕1,2,欧阳平凯1,2
1. State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 211816, China
2. College of Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 211816, China
3. College of Bioengineering and Biotechnology, Tianshui Normal University, Tianshui 741001, China
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摘要 

1,5-戊二胺是一种广泛分布于原核和真核生物中的具有多种生物活性的天然多胺,正日益成为一种重要的工业化学品,并在多个领域展现出广泛的应用前景,特别是作为单体用于合成生物基聚酰胺。基于1,5-戊二胺的聚酰胺5X 具有优异的性能和环境友好特性,因而有广泛的应用前景。本文总结了近期关于1,5-戊二胺在细菌中的生物合成、代谢及生理学功能,着重介绍了1,5-戊二胺在大肠杆菌的代谢调控机制。文中还综述了微生物发酵法和全细胞催化法生产1,5-戊二胺的进展及1,5-戊二胺的分离纯化方法。此外,对1,5-戊二胺在生物基聚酰胺合成中的应用进行了总结,并对利用可再生资源生产1,5-戊二胺进行了展望和对以后的研究提出了建议。

关键词 1,5-戊二胺代谢细菌生产生物基聚酰胺PA 5X    
Abstract

Cadaverine, a natural polyamine with multiple bioactivities that is widely distributed in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, is becoming an important industrial chemical. Cadaverine exhibits broad prospects for various applications, especially as an important monomer for bio-based polyamides. Cadaverine-based polyamide PA 5X has broad application prospects owing to its environmentally friendly characteristics and exceptional performance in water absorption and dimensional stability. In this review, we summarize recent findings on the biosynthesis, metabolism, and physiological function of cadaverine in bacteria, with a focus on the regulatory mechanism of cadaverine synthesis in Escherichia coli (E. coli). We also describe recent developments in bacterial production of cadaverine by direct fermentation and whole-cell bioconversion, and recent approaches for the separation and purification of cadaverine. In addition, we present an overview of the application of cadaverine in the synthesis of completely bio-based polyamides. Finally, we provide an outlook and suggest future developments to advance the production of cadaverine from renewable resources.

Keywords Cadaverine      Metabolism      Bacterial production      Bio-polyamide      PA 5X     
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通讯作者: 陈可泉     E-mail: kqchen@njtech.edu.cn
最新录用日期:    发布日期: 2017-06-30
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Weichao Ma
Kequan Chen
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引用本文:   
Weichao Ma,Kequan Chen,Yan Li, et al. Advances in Cadaverine Bacterial Production and Its Applications[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(3): 308-317.
网址:  
http://engineering.org.cn/EN/10.1016/J.ENG.2017.03.012     OR     http://engineering.org.cn/EN/Y2017/V3/I3/308
Fig.1  Schematic representation of the biosynthesis of cadaverine through the DAP pathway. TCA: tricarboxylic acid; PTS: phosphotransferase system.
Fig.2  Regulation of cadaverine biosynthesis in E. coli.
Fig.3  Chemical structure of the cadaverine-containing peptidoglycan. MurNAc and GlcNAc refer to N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetylglucosamine, respectively.
Fig.4  Cadaverine-based siderophores.
Classification Monomers Materials Bio-based content (%) Producers
PA 11 [101] ω-Amino-undecanoic acid Castor oil 100.0 Arkema, Suzhou Hipro Polymers, SABIC
PA 1010 [102] Sebacic acid Castor oil 100.0 Arkema, DuPont, Evonik
Decan-1,10-diamine
PA 610 [103] Sebacic acid Castor oil 63.5 SABIC, Toray, DuPont, BASF
Hexamethylenediamine Butadiene
PA 1012 [104] Dodecanedioic acid Alkane 42.9 Arkema, Evonik
Decan-1,10-diamine Castor oil
PA 410 [105] Sebacic acid Castor oil 69.7 DSM
Putrescine Acrylonitrile
PA 10T [102] Terephthalic acid Benzene 51.8 Evonik, Kingfa
Decan-1,10-diamine Castor oil
Tab.1  Classification and producers of commercialized bio-based polyamides.
Fig.5  Transformation of castor oil to sebacic acid, decan-1,10-diamine, and ω-amino-undecanoic acid.
Properties PA6 PA 66 PA 56 PA 510
Melting point (°C) 220 260 253 215
Glass transition temperature (°C) 54 60 55 50
Density (g·cm-3) 1.14 1.14 1.14 1.07
Water absorption (%) 3.0 2.8 3.3 1.8
Tab.2  Material properties of PA 6, PA 66, PA 56, and PA 510.
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[1] Baohong Wang, Mingfei Yao, Longxian Lv, Zongxin Ling, Lanjuan Li. The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(1): 71-82.
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