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Engineering    2017, Vol. 3 Issue (5) : 731-737     https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ENG.2017.03.017
Research |
中草药在水产养殖中的应用研究进展
蒲红宇1,2,李晓宇1,3,4,杜青波2,崔昊2,徐永平1,3,4()
1. School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
2. College of Fisheries and Life Science, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China
3. Ministry of Education Center for Food Safety of Animal Origin, Dalian 116620, China
4. Liaoning Food Safety of Animal Origin Innovation Team, Dalian 116024, China
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摘要 随着人们对水产食品安全关注的不断加强,越来越多的化学合成药物在水产养殖中被禁用。同时,由于中草药具有绿色天然的优点,近年来其在水产养殖领域被广泛应用。研究表明,中草药具有促进养殖鱼类生长、提高抗病力、改善肌肉品质等多方面的作用。中草药所含生物活性物质不仅能够增加鱼类摄食量和消化酶活性,而且可能影响养殖产品风味。许多中草药种类还能够显著提升养殖鱼类的特异性和非特异性免疫力。然而,由于中草药的植物成分非常复杂,有效地分离提纯药用成分是开发应用的关键。本文回顾了中草药关于生长表现和饲料利用,免疫和抗病力以及养殖产品质量方面的最新研究和应用进展。本文同时介绍了中药材化学成分研究的新技术和方法,分析了中草药在水产养殖应用方面存在的问题,认为未来中草药研究应重点关注如何经济地提炼有效成分以及最佳的用药途径。
 
关键词 水产养殖中草药渔业研究进展    
Abstract

Due to increasing safety concerns regarding human consumption of fish products, an increasing number of medicinal chemicals are prohibited from use in aquaculture. As a result, Chinese herbal medicines are being increasingly used, coining the use of the term “green medicine.” Research shows that Chinese herbal medicines have many beneficial effects on fish, including growth promotion, enhancement of disease resistance, and improvement in meat quality. Many effective ingredients have been discovered in Chinese herbal medicines, which function to promote feed intake, improve meat flavor, and increase digestive enzyme activity. They also regulate and participate in processes that improve the specific and non-specific immunity of fish; however, the composition of Chinese herbal medicines is very complex and it is often difficult to identify the effective ingredients. This article reviews the latest research and application progress in Chinese herbal medicines regarding growth and feed utilization, immunity and disease resistance, and the meat quality of cultured fish. It also discusses research on the chemical constituents of classical Chinese medicinal herbs and problems with the application of Chinese herbal medicines in fish culture. This article concludes by proposing that future studies on Chinese herbal medicines should focus on how to cheaply refine and extract the effective ingredients in classical Chinese medicinal herbs, as well as how to use them efficiently in aquaculture.

Keywords Aquaculture      Chinese herbal medicines      Fish farming      Research progress     
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最新录用日期:    在线预览日期:    发布日期: 2017-11-08
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作者相关文章
Hongyu Pu
Xiaoyu Li
Qingbo Du
Hao Cui
Yongping Xu
引用本文:   
Hongyu Pu,Xiaoyu Li,Qingbo Du, et al. Research Progress in the Application of Chinese Herbal Medicines in Aquaculture: A Review[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(5): 731-737.
网址:  
http://engineering.org.cn/EN/10.1016/J.ENG.2017.03.017     OR     http://engineering.org.cn/EN/Y2017/V3/I5/731
Fig.1  Roles and main action mechanisms of Chinese herbal medicines when used on fish.
Herb name Effective ingredient Molecular formula Structure
Forsythia suspensa Phillyrin C27H34O11

Azadirachta indica Azadirachtin A C35H44O16

Gardenia jasminoides Ellis Geniposide C17H24O10

Sophora flavescens Matrine C15H24N2O

Citrus aurantium L. Hesperidin C28H34O15

Phellodendron chinense Schneid Obacunone C26H30O7

Rhizoma Kaempferiae Kaempferol C15H10O6

Eucommia ulmoides Chlorogenic acid C16H18O9

Angelica dahurica Coumarin C9H6O2

Scutellaria baicalensis Baicalin C21H18O11

Glycyrrhiza uralensis Glycyrrhetic acid C30H46O4

Angelica?sinensis Ferulic acid C10H10O4

Allium sativum Alliin C6H11NO3S

Rhizoma Phragmitis Coixol C8H7NO3

Vanillic acid C8H8O4

Rhus chinensis Mill. Gallic acid C7H6O5

Rheum officinale Rhein C15H8O6

Emodin C15H10O5

Euphorbia humifusa Anthraquinone C14H8O2

Acalypha australis Sitosterol C29H50O

Capsicum frutescens L. Capsaicin C18H27NO3

Artemisia carvifolia Arteannuin C15H22O5

Melia azedarach Methyl kulonate C30H38O11

Semen Ziziphi Spinosae Jujuboside A C58H94O26

Jujuboside B C52H84O21

Toona sinensis Thiophene C4H4S

Rosa chinensis Quercetin C15H10O7

Kaempferol C15H10O6

Tab.1  Chinese herbal medicines applied in aquaculture, and chemical structures of their main effective ingredients.
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