Please wait a minute...
Submit  |   Chinese  | 
Advanced Search
   Home  |  Online Now  |  Current Issue  |  Focus  |  Archive  |  For Authors  |  Journal Information   Open Access  
Submit  |   Chinese  | 
Engineering    2016, Vol. 2 Issue (4) : 528 -536
Research |
A Train-Bridge Dynamic Interaction Analysis Method and Its Experimental Validation
Nan Zhang(),Yuan Tian,He Xia
School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China

The train-bridge dynamic interaction problem began with the development of railway technology, and requires an evaluation method for bridge design in order to ensure the safety and stability of the bridge and the running train. This problem is studied using theoretical analysis, numerical simulation, and experimental study. In the train-bridge dynamic interaction system proposed in this paper, the train vehicle model is established by the rigid-body dynamics method, the bridge model is established by the finite element method, and the wheel/rail vertical and lateral interaction are simulated by the corresponding assumption and the Kalker linear creep theory, respectively. Track irregularity, structure deformation, wind load, collision load, structural damage, foundation scouring, and earthquake action are regarded as the excitation for the system. The train-bridge dynamic interaction system is solved by inter-history iteration. A case study of the dynamic response of a CRH380BL high-speed train running through a standard-design bridge in China is discussed. The dynamic responses of the vehicle and of the bridge subsystems are obtained for speeds ranging from 200 km·h-1 to 400 km·h-1, and the vibration mechanism are analyzed.

Keywords Train-bridge dynamic interaction      Wheel/rail relationship      Inter-history iteration      Field measurement      Experimental validation     
Corresponding Authors: Nan Zhang   
Just Accepted Date: 13 December 2016   Online First Date: 23 December 2016    Issue Date: 28 December 2016
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
Articles by authors
Nan Zhang
Yuan Tian
He Xia
Cite this article:   
Nan Zhang,Yuan Tian,He Xia. A Train-Bridge Dynamic Interaction Analysis Method and Its Experimental Validation[J]. Engineering, 2016, 2(4): 528 -536 .
URL:     OR
1   Xia H, de Roeck G, Goicolea JM. Bridge vibration and controls: new research. New York: Nova Science Publishers Inc; 2012.
2   Zhang N, Xia H. Dynamic analysis of coupled vehicle—bridge system based on inter-system iteration method. Comput Struct 2013;114-115(1):26–34
doi: 10.1016/j.compstruc.2012.10.007
3   Yang Y, Yau J. An iterative interacting method for dynamic analysis of the maglev train-guideway/foundation-soil system. Eng Struct 2011;33(3):1013–24
doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2010.12.024
4   Gao M. Studies on train-track-bridge coupling vibration and train performance on high-speed railway bridges. China Rail Sci 2002;23(2):135–8. Chinese.
5   Zhang M, Zhang N, Xia H. Analysis on wind-vehicle-bridge dynamic interaction for lonf-span railway suspension bridge. China Rail Sci 2013;34(4):14–21. Chinese.
6   Chen Z, Sun Y, Zhai W. Mapping relationship between pier settlement and rail deformation of high-speed railways—part (I): the unit slab track system. Sci Sinica Tech 2014;44(7):770–7. Chinese.
7   Chen Z, Sun Y, Zhai W. Mapping relationship between pier settlement and rail deformation of high-speed railways—part (II): the longitudinal connected ballastless track system. Sci Sinica Tech 2014;44(7):778–85. Chinese.
8   Wang K. Study on high speed train running safety under bridge additional deformation [dissertation]. Beijing: Beijing Jiaotong University; 2015. Chinese.
9   Guo W, Xia H, Xu Y. Running safety analysis of a train on the Tsing Ma Bridge under turbulent winds. Earthquake Eng Eng Vib 2010;9(3):307–18
doi: 10.1007/s11803-010-0015-3
10   Li Y, Hu P, Xu Y, Zhang M, Liao H. Wind loads on a moving vehicle-bridge deck system by wind-tunnel model test. Wind Struct 2014;19(2):145–67
doi: 10.12989/was.2014.19.2.145
11   Xu Y, Zhang N, Xia H. Vibration of coupled train and cable-stayed bridge system in cross wind. Eng Struct 2004;26(10):1389–406
doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2004.05.005
12   Li X, Liu X, Liu D. Coupled vibration analysis of a railway continuous rigid-frame bridge and vehicles with soil-structure interaction. J Vib Shock 2011;30(12):54–8. Chinese.
13   Li K, Zhang N, Fang X, Tian Y, Xia H. Dynamic analysis of a vehicle-bridge coupled system considering river scouring. J Vib Shock 2014;33(19):40–7. Chinese.
14   Yau J, Frýba L. Response of suspended beams due to moving loads and vertical seismic ground excitations. Eng Struct 2007;29(12):3255–62
doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2007.10.001
15   Du X, Xu Y, Xia H. Dynamic interaction of bridge-train system under non-uniform seismic ground motion. Earthquake Eng Struct 2012;41(1):139–57
doi: 10.1002/eqe.1122
16   Chen L, Zhang N, Jiang L, Zeng Z, Chen G, Guo W. Near-fault directivity pulse-like ground motion effect on high-speed railway bridge. J Cent South Univ 2014;21(6): 2425–36
doi: 10.1007/s11771-014-2196-9
[1] Holger Krueger. Standardization for Additive Manufacturing in Aerospace[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(5): 585 .
[2] Joe A. Sestak Jr.. High School Students from 157 Countries Convene to Address One of the 14 Grand Challenges for Engineering: Access to Clean Water[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(5): 583 -584 .
[3] Lance A. Davis. Climate Agreement—Revisited[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(5): 578 -579 .
[4] Ben A. Wender, M. Granger Morgan, K. John Holmes. Enhancing the Resilience of Electricity Systems[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(5): 580 -582 .
[5] Jin-Xun Liu, Peng Wang, Wayne Xu, Emiel J. M. Hensen. Particle Size and Crystal Phase Effects in Fischer-Tropsch Catalysts[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(4): 467 -476 .
[6] Luis Ribeiro e Sousa, Tiago Miranda, Rita Leal e Sousa, Joaquim Tinoco. The Use of Data Mining Techniques in Rockburst Risk Assessment[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(4): 552 -558 .
[7] Maggie Bartolomeo. Third Global Grand Challenges Summit for Engineering[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(4): 434 -435 .
[8] Michael Powalla, Stefan Paetel, Dimitrios Hariskos, Roland Wuerz, Friedrich Kessler, Peter Lechner, Wiltraud Wischmann, Theresa Magorian Friedlmeier. Advances in Cost-Efficient Thin-Film Photovoltaics Based on Cu(In,Ga)Se2[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(4): 445 -451 .
[9] Raffaella Ocone. Reconciling “Micro” and “Macro” through Meso-Science[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(3): 281 -282 .
[10] Baoning Zong, Bin Sun, Shibiao Cheng, Xuhong Mu, Keyong Yang, Junqi Zhao, Xiaoxin Zhang, Wei Wu. Green Production Technology of the Monomer of Nylon-6: Caprolactam[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(3): 379 -384 .
[11] Pengcheng Xu, Yong Jin, Yi Cheng. Thermodynamic Analysis of the Gasification of Municipal Solid Waste[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(3): 416 -422 .
[12] Lei Xu, Jinhui Peng, Hailong Bai, C. Srinivasakannan, Libo Zhang, Qingtian Wu, Zhaohui Han, Shenghui Guo, Shaohua Ju, Li Yang. Application of Microwave Melting for the Recovery of Tin Powder[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(3): 423 -427 .
[13] Ee Teng Kho, Salina Jantarang, Zhaoke Zheng, Jason Scott, Rose Amal. Harnessing the Beneficial Attributes of Ceria and Titania in a Mixed-Oxide Support for Nickel-Catalyzed Photothermal CO2 Methanation[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(3): 393 -401 .
[14] Ke Dang, Tuo Wang, Chengcheng Li, Jijie Zhang, Shanshan Liu, Jinlong Gong. Improved Oxygen Evolution Kinetics and Surface States Passivation of Ni-Bi Co-Catalyst for a Hematite Photoanode[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(3): 285 -289 .
[15] Mu Xiao, Songcan Wang, Supphasin Thaweesak, Bin Luo, Lianzhou Wang. Tantalum (Oxy)Nitride: Narrow Bandgap Photocatalysts for Solar Hydrogen Generation[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(3): 365 -378 .
Copyright © 2015 Higher Education Press & Engineering Sciences Press, All Rights Reserved.