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Engineering    2017, Vol. 3 Issue (3) : 402 -408
Research |
Facile and Scalable Preparation of Fluorescent Carbon Dots for Multifunctional Applications
Dan Wang1,2,Zhiyong Wang1,Qiuqiang Zhan3,Yuan Pu1(),Jie-Xin Wang1,Neil R. Foster1,4,Liming Dai2()
1. Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Soft Matter Science and Engineering & State Key Laboratory of Organic-Inorganic Composites, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
2. Center of Advanced Science and Engineering for Carbon (Case4Carbon), Department of Macromolecular Science and Engineering, Case School of Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
3. SCNU-ZJU Joint Research Center of Photonics, South China Academy of Advanced Optoelectronics, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China
4. Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6845, Australia

The synthesis of fluorescent nanomaterials has received considerable attention due to the great potential of these materials for a wide range of applications, from chemical sensing through bioimaging to optoelectronics. Herein, we report a facile and scalable approach to prepare fluorescent carbon dots (FCDs) via a one-pot reaction of citric acid with ethylenediamine at 150 °C under ambient air pressure. The resultant FCDs possess an optical bandgap of 3.4 eV and exhibit strong excitation-wavelength-independent blue emission (λEm= 450 nm) under either one- or two-photon excitation. Owing to their low cytotoxicity and long fluorescence lifetime, these FCDs were successfully used as internalized fluorescent probes in human cancer cell lines (HeLa cells) for two-photon excited imaging of cells by fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy with high-contrast resolution. They were also homogenously mixed with commercial inks and used to draw fluorescent patterns on normal papers and on many other substrates (e.g., certain flexible plastic films, textiles, and clothes). Thus, these nanomaterials are promising for use in solid-state fluorescent sensing, security labeling, and wearable optoelectronics.

Keywords Scalable      Carbon dots      Two-photon      Fluorescence lifetime imaging      Patterning     
Corresponding Authors: Yuan Pu,Liming Dai   
Just Accepted Date: 17 May 2017   Online First Date: 27 June 2017    Issue Date: 30 June 2017
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Dan Wang
Zhiyong Wang
Qiuqiang Zhan
Yuan Pu
Jie-Xin Wang
Neil R. Foster
Liming Dai
Cite this article:   
Dan Wang,Zhiyong Wang,Qiuqiang Zhan, et al. Facile and Scalable Preparation of Fluorescent Carbon Dots for Multifunctional Applications[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(3): 402 -408 .
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