Please wait a minute...
Submit  |   Chinese  | 
 
Advanced Search
   Home  |  Online Now  |  Current Issue  |  Focus  |  Archive  |  For Authors  |  Journal Information   Open Access  
Submit  |   Chinese  | 
Engineering    2017, Vol. 3 Issue (3) : 409 -415     https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ENG.2017.03.024
Research |
Optimization, Kinetics, and Equilibrium Studies on the Removal of Lead(II) from an Aqueous Solution Using Banana Pseudostem as an Adsorbent
Shridhar S. Bagali1(),Bychapur S. Gowrishankar2,Aashis S. Roy3()
1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Siddaganga Institute of Technology, Tumkur, Karnataka 572 103, India
2. Department of Biotechnology, Siddaganga Institute of Technology, Tumkur, Karnataka 572 103, India
3. Department of Industrial Chemistry, Addis Ababa Science and Technology University, Addis Ababa 16417, Ethiopia
Abstract
Abstract  

Natural adsorbents such as banana pseudostem can play a vital role in the removal of heavy metal elements from wastewater. Major water resources and chemical industries have been encountering difficulties in removing heavy metal elements using available conventional methods. This work demonstrates the potential to treat various effluents utilizing natural materials. A characterization of banana pseudostem powder was performed using environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) and Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy before and after the adsorption of lead(II). Experiments were carried out using a batch process for the removal of lead(II) from an aqueous solution. The effects of the adsorption kinetics were studied by altering various parameters such as initial pH, adsorbent dosage, initial lead ion concentration, and contact time. The results show that the point of zero charge (PZC) for the banana pseudostem powder was achieved at a pH of 5.5. The experimental data were analyzed using isotherm and kinetic models. The adsorption of lead(II) onto banana pseudostem powder was fitted using the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The adsorption capacity was found to be 34.21 mg·g−1, and the pseudo second-order kinetic model showed the best fit. The optimum conditions were found using response surface methodology. The maximum removal was found to be 89%.

Keywords Banana pseudostem      Lead      Isotherm      Adsorption      Response surface methodology     
Fund: 
Corresponding Authors: Shridhar S. Bagali,Aashis S. Roy   
Just Accepted Date: 13 June 2017   Issue Date: 30 June 2017
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
Shridhar S. Bagali
Bychapur S. Gowrishankar
Aashis S. Roy
Cite this article:   
Shridhar S. Bagali,Bychapur S. Gowrishankar,Aashis S. Roy. Optimization, Kinetics, and Equilibrium Studies on the Removal of Lead(II) from an Aqueous Solution Using Banana Pseudostem as an Adsorbent[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(3): 409 -415 .
URL:  
http://engineering.org.cn/EN/10.1016/J.ENG.2017.03.024     OR     http://engineering.org.cn/EN/Y2017/V3/I3/409
References
1   Ekebafe LO, Ekebafe MO, Erhuaga GO, Oboigba FM. Effect of reaction conditions on the uptake of selected heavy metals from aqueous media using composite from renewable materials. Am J Pol Sci 2012;2(4):67–72
doi: 10.5923/j.ajps.20120204.04
2   Regmi P, Garcia Moscoso JL, Kumar S, Cao X, Mao J, Schafran G. Removal of copper and cadmium from aqueous solution using switchgrass biochar produced via hydrothermal carbonization process. J Environ Manage 2012;109:61–9
doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.04.047
3   Nguyen TAH, Ngo HH, Guo WS, Zhang J, Liang S, Yue QY, et al.Applicability of agricultural waste and by-products for adsorptive removal of heavy metals from wastewater. Bioresour Technol 2013;148:574–85
doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2013.08.124
4   Bhattacharyya KG, Gupta SS. Adsorption of a few heavy metals on natural and modified kaolinite and montmorillonite: A review. Adv Colloid Interface Sci 2008;140(2):114–31
doi: 10.1016/j.cis.2007.12.008
5   Nadeema M, Shabbira M, Abdullahb MA, Shahc SS, McKay G. Sorption of cadmium from aqueous solution by surfactant-modified carbon adsorbents. Chem Eng J 2009;148(2–3):365–70
doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2008.09.010
6   Karnitz O Jr, Gurgel LV, de Melo JC, Botaro VR, Melo TM, de Freitas Gil RP, et al.Adsorption of heavy metal ion from aqueous single metal solution by chemically modified sugarcane bagasse. Bioresour Technol 2007;98(6):1291–7
doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2006.05.013
7   Miretzky P, Cirelli AF. Cr(VI) and Cr(III) removal from aqueous solution by raw and modified lignocellulosic materials: A review. J Hazard Mater 2010;180(1–3):1–19
doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.04.060
8   Yao Y, Gao B, Inyang M, Zimmerman AR, Cao X, Pullammanappallil P, et al.Biochar derived from anaerobically digested sugar beet tailings: Characterization and phosphate removal potential. Bioresour Technol 2011;102(10):6273–8
doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.03.006
9   Wang J, Chen C. Biosorbents for heavy metals removal and their future. Biotechnol Adv 2009;27(2):195–226
doi: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2008.11.002
10   Onundi YB, Mamun AA, Khatib MF, Ahmed YM. Adsorption of copper, nickel and lead ions from synthetic semiconductor industrial wastewater by palm shell activated carbon. Int J Environ Sci Technol 2010;7(4):751–8
doi: 10.1007/BF03326184
11   Mohan D, Sarswat A, Ok YS, Pittman CU Jr. Organic and inorganic contaminants removal from water with biochar, a renewable, low cost and sustainable adsorbent—A critical review. Bioresour Technol 2014;160:191–202
doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2014.01.120
12   Fu F, Wang Q. Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters: A review. J Environ Manage 2011;92(3):407–18
doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.11.011
13   Mussatto SI, Fernandes M, Rocha GJ, Orfão JJ, Teixeira JA, Roberto IC. Production, characterization and application of activated carbon from brewer’s spent grain lignin. Bioresour Technol 2010;101(7):2450–7
doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2009.11.025
14   Mohan D, Pittman CU Jr. Arsenic removal from water/wastewater using adsorbents—A critical review. J Hazard Mater 2007;142(1–2):1–53
doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.01.006
15   Imyim A, Prapalimrungsi E. Humic acids removal from water by aminopropyl functionalized rice husk ash. J Hazard Mater 2010;184(1–3):775–81
doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.08.108
16   Gregorio C. Recent developments in polysaccharide-based materials used as adsorbents in wastewater treatment. Prog Polym Sci 2005;30(1):38–70
doi: 10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2004.11.002
17   Ofomaja AE, Ho YS. Effect of temperatures and pH on methyl violet biosorption by Mansonia wood sawdust. Bioresour Technol 2008;99(13):5411–7
doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2007.11.018
18   Rabindra PD, Kedar NG, Katsutoshi I. Adsorptive separation of heavy metals from an aquatic environment using orange waste. Hydrometallurgy 2005;79(3–4):182–90.
19   Pereira ALS, do Nascimento DM, Souza MM, Cassales AR, Morais JPS, Paula RCM, et al.Banana (Musa sp. cv. Pacovan) pseudostem fibers are composed of varying lignocellulosic composition throughout the diamete r. BioResources 2014;9(4):7749–63
doi: 10.15376/biores.9.4.7749-7763
20   Suresh Jeyakumar RP, Chandrasekaran V. Adsorption of lead (II) ions by activated carbons prepared from marine green algae: Equilibrium and kinetics studies. Int J Indust Chem 2014;5:2
doi: 10.1186/2228-5547-5-2
21   Ogunleye OO, Ajala MA, Agarry SE. Evaluation of biosorptive capacity of banana (Musa paradisiaca) stalk for lead (II) removal from aqueous solution. J Environ Prot (Irvine Calif) 2014;5(15):1451–65
doi: 10.4236/jep.2014.515138
Related
[1] Yican Wu. Design and R&D Progress of China Lead-Based Reactor for ADS Research Facility[J]. Engineering, 2016, 2(1): 124 -131 .
[2] Gregory L. Damhorst, Carlos Duarte-Guevara, Weili Chen, Tanmay Ghonge, Brian T. Cunningham, Rashid Bashir. Smartphone-Imaged HIV-1 Reverse-Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (RT-LAMP) on a Chip from Whole Blood[J]. Engineering, 2015, 1(3): 324 -335 .
Copyright © 2015 Higher Education Press & Engineering Sciences Press, All Rights Reserved.
京ICP备11030251号-2

 Engineering