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Engineering    2018, Vol. 4 Issue (2) : 194 -199
Research |
Impact of Low-Impact Development Technologies from an Ecological Perspective in Different Residential Zones of the City of Atlanta, Georgia
Zackery B. Morris1(),Stephen M. Malone1,Abigail R. Cohen1,Marc J. Weissburg2,Bert Bras1
1. George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0405, USA
2. School of Biological Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA

Low-impact development (LID) technologies have a great potential to reduce water usage and stormwater runoff and are therefore seen as sustainable improvements that can be made to traditional water infrastructure. These technologies include bioretention areas, rainwater capturing, and xeriscaping, all of which can be used in residential zones. Within the City of Atlanta, residential water usage accounts for 53% of the total water consumption; therefore, residential zones offer significant impact potential for the implementation of LID. This study analyzes the use of LID strategies within the different residential zones of the City of Atlanta from an ecological perspective by drawing analogies to natural ecosystems. The analysis shows that these technologies, especially with the addition of a graywater system, work to improve the conventional residential water network based upon these ecological metrics. The higher metric values suggest greater parity with healthy, natural ecosystems.

Keywords Low-impact development      Ecological network analysis      Residential water consumption     
Corresponding Authors: Zackery B. Morris   
Just Accepted Date: 08 April 2018   Issue Date: 16 May 2018
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Zackery B. Morris
Stephen M. Malone
Abigail R. Cohen
Marc J. Weissburg
Bert Bras
Cite this article:   
Zackery B. Morris,Stephen M. Malone,Abigail R. Cohen, et al. Impact of Low-Impact Development Technologies from an Ecological Perspective in Different Residential Zones of the City of Atlanta, Georgia[J]. Engineering, 2018, 4(2): 194 -199 .
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[1] Stephen M. Malone, Marc J. Weissburg, Bert Bras. Industrial Ecosystems and Food Webs: An Ecological-Based Mass Flow Analysis to Model the Progress of Steel Manufacturing in China[J]. Engineering, 2018, 4(2): 209 -217 .
[2] Qian Li, Fengqing Guo, Yuntao Guan. A GIS-Based Evaluation of Environmental Sensitivity for an Urban Expressway in Shenzhen, China[J]. Engineering, 2018, 4(2): 230 -234 .
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