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Engineering    2018, Vol. 4 Issue (4) : 452 -463
Research |
Development and Future Challenges of Bio-Syncretic Robots
Chuang Zhang1,2,Wenxue Wang1(),Ning Xi3,Yuechao Wang1,Lianqing Liu1()
1. State Key Laboratory of Robotics, Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China
2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3. Emerging Technologies Institute, Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China

Bio-syncretic robots consisting of both living biological materials and non-living systems possess desirable attributes such as high energy efficiency, intrinsic safety, high sensitivity, and self-repairing capabilities. Compared with living biological materials or non-living traditional robots based on electromechanical systems, the combined system of a bio-syncretic robot holds many advantages. Therefore, developing bio-syncretic robots has been a topic of great interest, and significant progress has been achieved in this area over the past decade. This review systematically summarizes the development of bio-syncretic robots. First, potential trends in the development of bio-syncretic robots are discussed. Next, the current performance of bio-syncretic robots, including simple movement and controllability of velocity and direction, is reviewed. The living biological materials and non-living materials that are used in bio-syncretic robots, and the corresponding fabrication methods, are then discussed. In addition, recently developed control methods for bio-syncretic robots, including physical and chemical control methods, are described. Finally, challenges in the development of bio-syncretic robots are discussed from multiple viewpoints, including sensing and intelligence, living and non-living materials, control approaches, and information technology.

Keywords Bio-syncretic robot      Hybrid robot      Bio-actuator      Cardiomyocyte      Muscle cells     
Corresponding Authors: Wenxue Wang,Lianqing Liu   
Issue Date: 11 September 2018
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Chuang Zhang
Wenxue Wang
Ning Xi
Yuechao Wang
Lianqing Liu
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Chuang Zhang,Wenxue Wang,Ning Xi, et al. Development and Future Challenges of Bio-Syncretic Robots[J]. Engineering, 2018, 4(4): 452 -463 .
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