Please wait a minute...
Submit  |   Chinese  | 
 
Advanced Search
   Home  |  Online Now  |  Current Issue  |  Focus  |  Archive  |  For Authors  |  Journal Information   Open Access  
Submit  |   Chinese  | 
Engineering    2017, Vol. 3 Issue (6) : 871 -879     https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eng.2017.12.007
Research |
Typical Underwater Tunnels in the Mainland of China and Related Tunneling Technologies
Kairong Hong()
State Key Laboratory of Shield Machine and Boring Technology, China Railway Tunnel Group Co., Ltd., Zhengzhou 450001, China
Abstract
Abstract  

In the past decades, many underwater tunnels have been constructed in the mainland of China, and great progress has been made in related tunneling technologies. This paper presents the history and state of the art of underwater tunnels in the mainland of China in terms of shield-bored tunnels, drill-and-blast tunnels, and immersed tunnels. Typical underwater tunnels of these types in the mainland of China are described, along with innovative technologies regarding comprehensive geological prediction, grouting-based consolidation, the design and construction of large cross-sectional tunnels with shallow cover in weak strata, cutting tool replacement under limited drainage and reduced pressure conditions, the detection and treatment of boulders, the construction of underwater tunnels in areas with high seismic intensity, and the treatment of serious sedimentation in a foundation channel of immersed tunnels. Some suggestions are made regarding the three potential great strait-crossing tunnels—the Qiongzhou Strait-Crossing Tunnel, Bohai Strait-Crossing Tunnel, and Taiwan Strait-Crossing Tunnel—and issues related to these great strait-crossing tunnels that need further study are proposed.

Keywords Underwater tunnel      Strait-crossing tunnel      Shield-bored tunnel      Immersed tunnel      Drill and blast     
Fund: 
Corresponding Authors: Kairong Hong   
Just Accepted Date: 13 December 2017   Issue Date: 02 March 2018
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
Kairong Hong
Cite this article:   
Kairong Hong. Typical Underwater Tunnels in the Mainland of China and Related Tunneling Technologies[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(6): 871 -879 .
URL:  
http://engineering.org.cn/EN/10.1016/j.eng.2017.12.007     OR     http://engineering.org.cn/EN/Y2017/V3/I6/871
References
Related
No related articles found!
Copyright © 2015 Higher Education Press & Engineering Sciences Press, All Rights Reserved.
京ICP备11030251号-2

 Engineering